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Ohio Juvenile Delinquency Penalties

Offices in Ravenna and Stow

Following the adjudicatory hearing, the juvenile judge will hold a dispositional hearing to determine the appropriate sentence for the juvenile offender.

overview of penalties for juvenile crime

Juveniles could receive several different sentences, such as:

  • Community service
  • Suspension of driver’s license
  • Confinement in temporary or permanent custody
  • Placement in a detention facility
  • Drug or alcohol treatment or counseling
  • Medical or psychological treatment or counseling
  • Imprisonment if charged as an adult
  • Probation House arrest
  • Required to obtain a high school diploma
  • Fines and costs of court
  • Curfew Drug and alcohol use monitoring

For a delinquent child convicted of a felony, the most severe sanction is to be sent to the Ohio Department of Youth Services. For a delinquent child convicted of a misdemeanor, the most severe punishment is to be sent to a local detention facility for up to ninety days. For a delinquent child convicted of a felony, the most severe sanction is to be sent to the Ohio Department of Youth Services. A Serious Youth Offender (SYO) sentence combines a sentence typically given to a juvenile offender with a sentence typically given to an adult convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor

An SYO sentence cannot be given to any child under 10 years of age. Enhanced Factors are used to determine the appropriate sentence for a juvenile. If any of the following “enhanced factors” are present, then the court may decide to impose a harsher sentence:

  1. Offense of violence if committed by an adult
  2. Juvenile had a firearm
  3. Prior conviction of serious crime

Penalties for juvenile delinquency

The following penalties could apply for juveniles found delinquent for an act that would be a felony or misdemeanor if committed by an adult, but who was not bound over to adult court:

Aggravated Murder or Murder

  • The child could be committed to the Department of Youth Services until they reach the age of 21
  • The child was 14-15 y.o. – Mandatory SYO sentence
  • The child was 10-13 y.o. – Discretionary SYO sentence
  • The child was under 10 y.o – Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $2,000

Attempted Aggravated Murder or Attempted Murder

  • The child could be committed for a minimum of 6-7 years, or until he/she reaches the age of 21
  • The child was 14-15 y.o. – Mandatory SYO sentence
  • The child was 10-13 y.o. – Discretionary SYO sentence
  • The child was under 10 y.o – Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $2,000

First Degree Felony (F1)

  • The child could be committed for a minimum of 1 year or until he/she reaches  age of 21
  • The child was 16-17 years old: Mandatory SYO if enhanced factors present – Discretionary SYO if no enhanced factors
  • The child was 14-15 years old: Discretionary SYO
  • The child was 12-13 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • The child was 10-11 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 10 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $1,500

Second Degree Felony (F2)

  • The child could be committed for a minimum of 1 year or until he/she reaches age of 21
  • The child was 14-17 years old: Discretionary SYO
  • The child was 12-13 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 12 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $1,000

Third Degree Felony (F3)

  • The child could be committed for a minimum period of 6 months or until he/she reaches the age of 21
  • The child was 16-17 years old: Discretionary SYO
  • The child was 14-15 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 14 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $750

Fourth Degree Felony (F4)

  • The child could be committed for a minimum period of 6 months or until he/she reaches the age of 21
  • The child was 16-17 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 16 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $400

Fifth Degree Felony (F5)

  • The child could be committed for a minimum period of 6 months or until he/she reaches the age of 21
  • The child was 16-17 years old: Discretionary SYO if enhanced factors present
  • Child under 16 years old: Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $300

First Degree Misdemeanor (M1)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $250

Second Degree Misdemeanor (M2)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $200

Third Degree Misdemeanor (M3)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $150

Fourth Degree Misdemeanor (M4)

  • Up to 90 days detention facility
  • Maximum fine $100

Minor Misdemeanor (MM)

  • Maximum fine $50

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The ohiocrimelawyer.com website is designed for general information only. Any information on this site is not to be construed as formal legal advice from a criminal defense lawyer, a DUI lawyer, a family law lawyer or estate planning, wills, trusts, and probate lawyer, nor the formation of a lawyer/client relationship. Persons accessing this site are encouraged to seek personal advice regarding their individual legal issues.

The attorneys in our law firm primarily service Portage County courts (Ravenna and Kent), and Summit County courts (Akron, Stow, Barberton). Cases in all other courts in North East Ohio, such as Cuyahoga County courts, are handled under specific terms and conditions.

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